F I R S T   L A D I E S   C O L L E C T I O N

WASHINGTON, MARTHA (1731-1802)

Desmond, Alice Curtis.
Martha Washington, Our First Lady. 1942. (Biography/Washington)

Mayo, Edith P.
The Smithsonian Book of the First Ladies. 1996. (E/176.2/S66)

Means, Marianne.
The Woman in the White House. 1963. (E176.2/M4)

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MarthaWashington

Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division
Martha Washington / published by L. Prang.
Fabronius, Dominique C., lithographer.
PUBLISHED Boston: by L. Prang & Co., c1864
(b&w film copy neg. LC-USZ62-25767) cph 3a53319

ADAMS, ABIGAIL (1744-1818)

Adams, Abigail.
New Letters of Abigail Adams. 1947. (E/322.1/A37)

Gelles, Edith B.
Portia: the World of Abigail Adams. 1992. (Biography/Adams)

Means, Marianne.
The Woman in the White House. 1963. (E/176.2/M4)

Stone, Irving.
Those Who Love: a Biographical Novel of Abigail and John Adams. 1965. (Fiction/Stone)

Whitney, Janet.
Abigail Adams. 1947. (Biography/Adams)

Withey, Lynne.
Dearest Friend: a Life of Abigail Adams. 1981. (Biography/Adams)

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AbigailAdams

Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division
Abigail Adams / from an original painting by Gilbert Stuart.
/PUBLISHED New York: by Johnson, Wilson & Co., [c 1845]
(b&w film copy neg.) cph 3a12454

RANDOLPH, MARTHA JEFFERSON (1772-1836)

Note: Martha Wayle Skelton Jefferson, Thomas Jefferson's wife, died before he took office as President. His daughter, Martha Jefferson Randolph, is considered to have been First Lady of the United States from March 4, 1801 to March 3, 1809 because her father was a widower.

McConnell, Jane & Burt.
Our First Ladies: From Martha Washington to Pat Ryan Nixon. 1969. (E/176.2/M3)

Watson, Robert P.
First Ladies of the United States - a Biographical Dictionary. 2001 (E/176.2/W369)

Anthony, Carl Sferrazza.
First Ladies: the Saga of the Presidents' Wives and Their Power. 1990. (E/176.2/A58)

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The Monticello Association
Martha Jefferson Randolph
Courtesy of Miss Margaret and Olivia Taylor

MADISON, DOLLEY PAYNE (1768-1849)

Anthony, Katherine Susan.
Dolley Madison, Her Life and Times. 1949. (Biography/Madison)

Anthony, Katherine Susan
Dolly Madison, Her Life and Times. 1949. (Biography/Madison)

Dean, Elizabeth.
Dolley Madison, the Nation’s Hostess. 1928. (Biography/Madison)

Gerson, Noel Bertram.
The Velvet Glove. 1975. (Biography/Madison)

Goodwin, Maud Wilder.
Dolley Madison. 1896. (Biography/Madison)

Thane, Elswyth.
Dolley Madison, Her Life and Times. 1970. (Biography/Madison)

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DolleyMadison
Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division
Dolly Payne Madison, from an original picture by Gilbert Stuart,
CREATED [between 1804 and 1855]
Digital ID (b&w film copy neg.) cph 3b15638

MONROE, ELIZABETH KORTRIGHT (1768-1830)

Gould, Lewis.
American First Ladies: Their Lives and Their Legacy. 2001. (E/176.2/A44)

Kramer, S.A.
The Look-it-Up Book of First Ladies. 2001. (E/176.2/K73)

Waldrup, Carole.
Presidents' Wives: the Lives of 44 American Women of Strength. 1989. (E/176.2/W35)

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ElizabethMonroe
The White House Historical Association
Elizabeth Kortright Monroe oil portrait by John Vanderlyn
CREATED [date unknown]
Courtesy of the Edwards Family

ADAMS, LOUISA CATHERINE (1775-1852)

Gould, Lewis.
American First Ladies: Their Lives and Their Legacy. 2001. (E/176.2/A44)

McConnell, Jane & Burt.
Our First Ladies: Martha Washington to Pat Ryan Nixon. 1969. (E/176.2/M3)

Watson, Robert P.
First Ladies of the United States - a Biographical Dictionary. 2001. (E/176.2/W369)

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LouisaAdams
The White House First Ladies' Gallery
Louisa Catherine Adams oil portrait by Charles Bird King
CREATED [between 1821 - 1825]

JACKSON, DONELSON RACHEL (1767-1828)

Anthony, Carl Sferrazza.
First Ladies: the Saga of the Presidents' Wives and Their Power. 1990. (E/176.2/A58)

Barzman, Sol.
The First Ladies: Intimate Biographical Portraits of the Presidents' Wives from Martha Washington to Pat Nixon. 1970. (E/176.2/B3)

Kramer, S.A.
The Look-it-Up Book of First Ladies. 2001. (E/176.2/K73)

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RachelJackson
Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division
Rachel Jackson, engraved by John Chester Butte,
CREATED/PUBLISHED: [c 1883.]
Digital ID (b&w film copy neg.) cph 3a53325

VAN BUREN, HANNAH HOES (1783-1819)

Boller, Paul F.
Presidential Wives: an Anecdotal History. 1988. (E/176.2/B65)

Holloway, Laura.
The Ladies of the White House. 1976. (E/176.2/L36)

Waldrup. Carole.
Presidents' Wives. 1989. (E/176.2/W35)

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HannahVanBuren
Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division
Hannah Hoes Van Buren, engraved by John Chester Butte,
PUBLISHED [c 1886.] New York : Funk & Wagnalls
Digital ID (b&w film copy neg.) cph 3a53328

HARRISON, ANNA TUTHILL SYMMES (1775-1864)

Gould, Lewis.
American First Ladies: Their Lives and Their Legacy. 2001. (E176.2/A4)

McConnell, Jane & Burt.
Our First Ladies: Martha Washington to Pat Ryan Nixon. 1969. (E/176.2/M3)

Watson, Robert.
First Ladies of the United Stas: a Biographical Dictionary. 2001. (E/176.2/W369)

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AnnaHarrison
Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division
Anna Tuthill Symmes Harrison, in watercolor.
CREATED/PUBLISHED [between 1910 - 1960.] Unknown
Digital ID (b&w film copy neg.) cph 3a53365

TYLER, LETICIA CHRISTIAN (1790-1842)

Anthony, Carl Sferrazza.
First Ladies: the Saga of the Presidents' Wives and Their Power. 1990. (E176.2/A58)

Barzman, Sol.
The First Ladies: an Intimate Biographical Portaits of the Presidents' Wives from Martha Washington to Pat Nixon. 1970. (E/176.2/B3)

Boller, Paul F.
Presidential Wives: an Anecdotal History. 1988. (E176.2/B65)

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LeticiaTyler

The White House First Ladies' Gallery
Leticia Christian Tyler
CREATED/PUBLISHED: Unknown

TYLER, JULIA GARDINER(1820-1889)

Gould, Lewis.
American First Ladies: Their Lives and Their Legacy. 2001. (E/176.2/A44)

Holloway, Laura.
The Ladies of the White House. 1976. (E/176.2/L36)

Mayo, Edith P.
The Smithsonian Book of the First Ladies. 1996. (E/176.2/S66)

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JuliaTyler
The White House First Ladies' Gallery
Julia Gardiner Tyler
CREATED/PUBLISHED: Unknown

POLK, SARAH CHILDRESS (1803-1891)

Means, Marianne.
The Woman in the White House. 1963. (E/176.2/M4)

Waldrup, Carole.
Presidents' Wives. 1989. (E/176.2/W35)

Whitton, Mary Ormsbee.
First First Ladies, 1789-1865: a Study of the Wives of the Early Presidents. 1948. (E/176.2/W5)

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SarahPolk
The White House First Ladies' Gallery
Sarah Childress Polk
CREATED/PUBLISHED: Unknown

TAYLOR, MARGARET MACKALL SMITH (1788-1852)

McConnell, Jane & Burt.
Our First Ladies: Martha Washington to Pat Ryan Nixon. 1969. (E/176.2/M3)

Watson, Robert.
First Ladies of the United States: a Biographical Dictionary. 2001. (E/176.2/W369)

Gould, Lewis.
American First Ladies: Their Lives and Their Legacy. 2001. (E176.2/A4)

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The White House Historical Association
Margaret Mackall Smith Taylor engraving.
CREATED: [c 1903] Bureau of National Literature of Art
Library of Congress

FILLMORE, ABIGAIL POWERS (1798-1853)

Holloway, Laura.
The Ladies of the White House. 1976. (E/176.2/L36)

Mayo, Edith P.
The Smithsonian Book of the First Ladies. 1996. (E/176.2/S66)

Whitton, Mary Ormsbee.
First First Ladies, 1789-1865: a Study of the Wives of the Early Presidents. 1948. (E/176.2/W5)

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AbigailFillmore
Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division
Abigail Powers Fillmore, engraved by John Chester Buttre
CREATED/PUBLISHED [1886.] New York : Funk & Wagnalls
Digital ID (b&w film copy neg.) cph 3a05525

PIERCE, JANE MEANS (1806-1863)

Barzman, Sol.
The First Ladies: an Intimate Biographical Portraits of the Presidents' Wives from Martha Washington to Pat Nixon. 1970. (E/176.2/B3)

Kramer, S.A.
The Look-it-Up Book of First Ladies. 2001. (E/176.2/K73)

Waldrup, Carole.
Presidents' Wives. 1989. (E/176.2/W35)

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JanePierce
Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division
Jane Means Pierce, engraved by John Chester Buttre
CREATED/PUBLISHED [1886.] New York : Funk & Wagnalls
Digital ID (b&w film copy neg.) cph 3a05525

JOHNSTON, HARRIET LANE (1830-1903)

Note: Harriet Lane Johnston acted as hostess for the only President who never married: her uncle and guardian, James Buchanan.

Kramer, S.A. The Look-it-Up Book of First Ladies. 2001. (E/176.2/K73)

Mayo, Edith P.The Smithsonian Book of the First Ladies. 1996. (E/176.2/S66)

Watson, Robert.
First Ladies of the United States: a Biographical Dictionary. 2001. (E/176.2/W369)

Whitton, Mary Ormsbee.
First First Ladies, 1789-1865: a Study of the Wives of the Early Presidents. 1948. (E/176.2/W5)

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Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division
Harriet Lane Johnston from the Brady-Handy Collection.
CREATED/PUBLISHED [between 1855 and 1865.]
Digital ID (b&w film copy neg.) cwpbh 00692

LINCOLN, MARY TODD (1818-1882)

Baker, Jean.
Mary Todd Lincoln: a Biography. 1987. (Biography/Lincoln)

Helm, Katherine.
The True Story of Mary, Wife of Lincoln. 1928. (Biography/Lincoln)

Randall, Ruth.
Mary Lincoln: Biography of a Marriage. 1953. (Biography/Lincoln)

Rhodes, James.
The Trial of Mary Todd Lincoln. 1959. (E/457.25/R5)

Ross, Ishbel.
The President’s Wife: Mary Todd Lincoln: a Biography. 1973. (Biography/Lincoln)

Sandberg, Carl.
Mary Lincoln, Wife and Widow. 1932. (Biography/Lincoln)

Simmons, Dawn.
A Rose for Mrs. Lincoln: a Biography of Mary Todd Lincoln. 1970. (Biography/Lincoln)

Turner, Justin.
Mary Todd Lincoln: Her Life and Letters. 1972. (Biography/Lincoln)

Van der Heuvel, Gerry.
Crowns of Thorns and Glory: Mary Todd Lincoln and Varina Howell Davis. 1988. (E/467/V36)

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MaryLincoln
Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division
Mary Todd Lincoln from the Brady-Handy Collection.
CREATED/PUBLISHED [between 1869 and 1877.]
Digital ID (b&w film copy neg.) cph 3a10951

JOHNSON, ELIZA McCARDLE (1810-1876)

Anthony, Carl Sferrazza.
First Ladies: the Saga of the Presidents' Wives and Their Power. 1990. (E/176.2/A58)

Boller, Paul F.
Presidential Wives: an Anecdotal History. 1998. (E/176.2/B65)

Watson, Robert.
First Ladies of the United States: a Biographical Dictionary. 2001. (E/176.2/W369)

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ElizaJohnson
Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division
Jane Means Pierce, engraved by John Chester Buttre.
PUBLISHED [1883.] Philadelphia: Bradley, Garretson & Co.
Digital ID (b&w film copy neg.) cph 3a53366

GRANT, JULIA DENT (1826-1902)

Grant, Julia Dent.
The Personal Memoirs of Julia Dent Grant. 1988. (Biography/Grant)

Ross, Ishbel.
The General’s Wife: the Life of Mrs. Ulysses S. Grant. 1959. (Biography/Grant)

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JuliaGrant
Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division
Julia Dent Grant from the Brady-Handy Collection.
CREATED/PUBLISHED [between 1869 and 1877.]
Digital ID (b&w film copy neg.) cph 3a53340

HAYES, LUCY WEBB (1831-1889)

Geer, Emily.
First Lady: the Life of Lucy Webb Hayes. 1984. (Biography/Hayes)

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LucyHayes
Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division
Lucy Webb Hayes photographed by Charles Milton Bell.
CREATED/PUBLISHED [1877.]
Digital ID (b&w film copy neg.) cph 3a53341

GARFIELD, LUCRETIA RUDOLPH (1832-1918)

Gould, Lewis.
American First Ladies: Their Lives and Their Legacy. 2001. (E/176.2/A4)

McConnell, Jane & Burt.
Our First Ladies: Martha Washington to Pat Ryan Nixon. 1969. (E/176.2/M3)

Waldrup, Carole
Presidents’ Wives. 1989. (E/176.2/W35)

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LucretiaGarfield
Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division
Lucretia Rudolph Garfield
CREATED/PUBLISHED [between 1860 and 1870.]
Digital ID (b&w film copy neg.) cph 3a53342

ARTHUR, ELLEN LEWIS HERNDON(1837-1880)

Barzman, Sol.
The First Ladies: an Intimate Biographical Portraits of the Presidents’ Wives from Martha Washington to Pat Nixon. 1970. (E/176.2/B3)

Boller, Paul F.
Presidential Wives: an Anecdotal History. 1988. (E/176.2/B65)

Kramer, S.A.
The Look-it-Up Book of First Ladies. 2001. (E/176.2/K73)

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EllenArthur
Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division
Ellen Lewis Herndon Arthur
CREATED/PUBLISHED [between 1857 and 1870.]
Digital ID (b&w film copy neg.) cph 3a53343

HARRISON, CAROLINE LAVINIA SCOTT (1832-1892)

Anthony, Carl Sferrazza.
First Ladies: the Saga of the Presidents’ Wives and Their Power. 1990.(E/176.2/A58)

Boller, Paul F.
Presidential Wives: an Anecdotal History. 1988. (E/176.2/B65)

Waldrup, Carole
Presidents’ Wives. 1989. (E/176.2/W35)

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CarolineHarrison
Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division
Caroline Lavinia Scott Harrison by Charles Parker.
CREATED/PUBLISHED [1889.] Washington, D.C.
Digital ID (b&w film copy neg.) cph 3a53347

CLEVELAND, FRANCES CORNELIA FOLSOM (1864-1947)

Mayo, Edith P.
The Smithsonian Book of the First Ladies. 1996. (E/176.2/S66)

McConnell, Jane & Burt.
Our First Ladies: Martha Washington to Pat Ryan Nixon. 1969. (E/176.2/M3)

Watson, Robert.
First Ladies of the United States: a Biographical Dictionary. 2001. (E/176.2/W369)

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FrancesCleveland
Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division
Frances Folsom Cleveland by Charles Parker.
CREATED/PUBLISHED [1889.] Washington, D.C.
Digital ID (b&w film copy neg.) cph 3a53347

MCKINLEY, IDA SAXTON (1847-1907)

Gould, Lewis.
American First Ladies: Their Lives and Their Legacy. 2001. (E/176.2/A4)

Mayo, Edith P.
The Smithsonian Book of the First Ladies. 1996. (E/176.2/S66)

Watson, Robert.
First Ladies of the United States: a Biographical Dictionary. 2001. (E/176.2/W369)

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IdaMckinley
Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division
Ida Saxton McKinley
CREATED/PUBLISHED [1900.]
Digital ID (b&w film copy neg.) cph 3a53351

ROOSEVELT, EDITH KERMIT CAROW (1861-1914)

Barzman,Sol.
The First Ladies: an Intimate Biographical Portraits of the Presidents' Wives from Martha Washington to Pat Nixon. 1970. (E/176.2/B3)

McConnell, Jane & Burt.
Our First Ladies: Martha Washington to Pat Ryan Nixon. 1969. (E/176.2/M3)

Morris, Sylvia.
Edith Kermit Roosevelt: Portrait of a First Lady. 1980. (Biography/Roosevelt)

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EdithRoosevelt
Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division
Edith Kermit Carow Roosevelt, Brady-Handy Collection
CREATED/PUBLISHED [between1900 and 1910.]
Digital ID (b&w film copy neg.) cph 3a26697

TAFT, HELEN HERRON

Anthony, Carl Sferrazza.
America’s Most Influential First Ladies. 1992. (E/176.2/A57)

Boller, Paul F.
Presidential Wives: an Anecdotal History. 1988. (E/176.2/B65)

Kramer, S.A.
The Look-it-Up Book of First Ladies. 2001. (E/176.2/K73)

Means, Marianne.
The Woman in the White House. 1963. (E/176.2/M4)

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HelenTaft
Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division
Helen Herron Taft
CREATED/PUBLISHED [1909.]
Digital ID (b&w film copy neg.) cph 3a53353

WILSON, ELLEN AXSON (1860-1914)

Saunders, Frances.
Ellen Axson Wilson: First Lady Between Two Worlds. 1985. (Biography/Wilson)

Waldrup, Carole
Presidents' Wives. 1989. (E/176.2/W35)

Wilson, Woodrow and Ellen Wilson.
The Priceless Gift: the Love Letters of Woodrow Wilson and Ellen Axson Wilson. 1962. (E/767/W838)

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EdithWilson
Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division
Ellen Axson Wilson
CREATED/PUBLISHED [1912.]
Digital ID (b&w film copy neg.) cph 3a53355

WILSON, EDITH BOLLING GALT (1872-1961)

Hatch, Alden.
Edith Bolling Wilson, First Lady Extraordinary. 1961. (Biography/Wilson)

Ross, Ishbel.
Power with Grace: the Life Story of Mrs. Woodrow Wilson. 1975. (Biography/Wilson)

Shachtman, Tom.
Edith & Woodrow: a Presidential Romance. 1981. (Biography/Wilson)

Wilson, Edith Bolling Gant.
My Memoir. 1938. (Biography/Wilson)

Wilson, Woodrow.
A President in Love: the Courtship Letters of Woodrow Wilson. 1981. (E/767/W837)

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EllenWilson
Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division
Edith Bolling Galt Wilson
CREATED/PUBLISHED [between 1925 and 1921.]
Digital ID (b&w film copy neg.) 3a26698

HARDING, FLORENCE KLING (1860-1924)

Anthony, Carl Sferrazza.
America’s Most Influential First Ladies (E/176.2/A57)

Kramer, S.A.
The Look-it-Up Book of First Ladies. 2001. (E/176.2/K73)

Mayo, Edith P.
The Smithsonian Book of the First Ladies. 1996. (E/176.2/S66)

Watson, Robert.
First Ladies of the United States: a Biographical Dictionary. 2001. (E/176.2/W369)

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FlorenceHarding
Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division
Florence Kling Harding by Underwood & Underwood Studios
CREATED/PUBLISHED [c 1922] Washington, D.C.
Digital ID (b&w film copy neg.) cph 3a53357

COOLIDGE, GRACE GOODHUE (1879-1957)

Barzman, Sol.
The First Ladies: an Intimate Biographical Portraits of the Presidents' Wives from Martha Washington to Pat Nixon. 1970. (E/176.2/B3)

Gould, Lewis.
American First Ladies: Their Lives and Their Legacy. 2001. (E/176.2/A4)

Ross, Ishbel.
Grace Coolidge and Her Era: the Story of a President’s Wife. 1962. (Biography/Coolidge)

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GraceCoolidge
Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division
Grace Goodhue Coolidge, photographed by Harris & Ewing
CREATED/PUBLISHED [c 1924.]
Digital ID (b&w film copy neg.) cph 3a53358

HOOVER, LOU HENRY (1874-1944)

Anderson, Alice E. and Baxendale, Hadley V.
Behind Every Successful President: The Hidden Power & Influence of America’s First Ladies. 1992. (E/176.2/A56)

Boller, Paul F.
Presidential Wives: an Anecdotal History. 1988. (E/176.2/B65)

Gould, Lewis.
American First Ladies: Their Lives and Their Legacy. 2001. (E/176.2/A4)

Pryor, Helen.
Lou Henry Hoover: Gallant First Lady. 1969. (Biography/Hoover)

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HenryLouHoover
Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division
Lou Henry Hoover
CREATED/PUBLISHED [between 1928 and 1933]
Digital ID (b&w film copy neg.) cph 3a53359

ROOSEVELT, ELEANOR (1884-1962)

Beasley, Maurine Hoffman.
Eleanor Roosevelt Encyclopedia. 2001. (E/807.1/R4)

Cook, Blanche.
Eleanor Roosevelt. 1992. (Biography/Roosevelt)

Cook, Blanche.
Eleanor Roosevelt: Volume 2 1933-1935. 1999. (Biography/Roosevelt)

Glendon, Mary Ann.
A World Made New: Eleanor Roosevelt and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. 2001. (K/3238.319/G58)

Hickok, Lorena.
Eleanor Roosevelt, Reluctant First Lady. 1980. (Biography/Roosevelt)

Hoff-Wilson, Joan.
Without Precedent: the Life and Career of Eleanor Roosevelt. 1984. (Biography/Roosevelt)

Lash, Joseph.
Eleanor: the Years Alone. 1972. (Biography/Roosevelt)
Life Was Meant to Be Lived: a Centenary Portrait of Eleanor Roosevelt. 1984. (Biography/Roosevelt)t

Roosevelt, Eleanor.
Autobiography of Eleanor Roosevelt. 1961. (Biography/Roosevelt)

Eleanor Roosevelt’s My Day: Her Acclaimed Column, 1936-1945. 1989. (Biography/Roosevelt)

Eleanor Roosevelt’s My Day Volume III: First Lady of the World. 1991. (Biography/Roosevelt)

It Seems to Me: Selected Letters of Eleanor Roosevelt. 2001. (E/807.1/R48/A4)
This I Remember. 1949. (Biography/Roosevelt)

Roosevelt, Elliott.
Eleanor Roosevelt, With Love. 1984. (Biography/Roosevelt)

Scharf, Lois.
Eleanor Roosevelt: First Lady of American Liberalism. 1987. (Biography/Roosevelt)

Youngs, J. Williams.
Eleanor Roosevelt: a Personal and Public Life. 1985. (Biography/Roosevelt)

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EleanorRoosevelt
Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division
Eleanor Roosevelt
CREATED/PUBLISHED [c 1933.]
Digital ID (b&w film copy neg.) cph 3a26699

TRUMAN, BESS WALLACE (1885-1982)
“Wish not to be seen or heard but to do my best.”

Anderson, Alice E. and Baxendale, Hadley V.
Behind Every Successful President: The Hidden Power & Influence of America’s First Ladies. 1992. (E/176.2/A56)

Means, Marianne.
The Woman in the White House. 1963. (E/176.2/M4)

Truman, Harry S.
Dear Bess: the Letters from Harry to Bess Truman, 1910-1959. 1983. (Biography/Truman)

Truman, Margaret.
Bess W. Truman. 1986. (E/814.1/T68/T68)

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BessTruman
Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division
Bess Wallace Truman photographed by Harris & Ewing
CREATED/PUBLISHED [between 1944 and 1953.]
Digital ID (b&w film copy neg.) cph 3a26700

EISENHOWER, MAMIE DOUD (1896-1979)>
“To know yourself, to know that what you are doing is right, and to live with your own conscience is all that is necessary in life.”

Anderson, Alice E. and Baxendale, Hadley V.
Behind Every Successful President: The Hidden Power & Influence of America's First Ladies. 1992. (E/176.2/A56)

Brandon, Dorothy.
Mamie Daud Eisenhower: a Portrait of a First Lady. 1954. (Biography/Eisenhower)

David, Lester.
Ike and Mamie, the Story of the General and His Lady. 1981. (Biography/Eisenhower)

Eisenhower, Dwight.
Letters to Mamie. 1978. (E/836/A44)

Hatch, Alden.
Red Carpet for Mamie. 1954. (E/837/E4/H3)

Means, Marianne.
The Woman in the White House. 1963. (E/176.2/M4)

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MamieEisenhower
Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division
Mamie Doud Eisenhower photographed by Harris & Ewing
CREATED/PUBLISHED [between 1952 and 1961.]
Digital ID (b&w film copy neg.) cph 3a53360

KENNEDY, JACQUELINE (1929-1994)
“A sense of history and the ability to learn from the past is of prime importance in leadership today.”

Birmingham, Stephen.
Jacqueline Bouvier Kennedy Onassis. 1978. (Biography/Kennedy)>

Bradford, Sarah.
America’s Queen. 2000. (Biography/Onassis)

Gallagher, Mary B.
My Life with Jacqueline Kennedy. 1969. (Biography/Kennedy)

Heymann, David.
A Woman Named Jackie. 1989. (Biography/Onassis)

Keogh, Pamela Clarke.
Jackiestyle. 2001. (CT/275/O552/K46)

Klein, Edward.
Just Jackie: Her Private Years. 1998. (Biography/Onassis)

Mills, Jean.
Moments With Jackie. 1999. (Biography/Onassis)

Mulvaney, Jay.
Jackie: the Clothes of Camelot. 2001. (CT/275/O552/M85)

Simmons, Dawn.
Jacqueline Kennedy: a Biography. 1964. (Biography/Kennedy)

Spoto, Donald.
Jacqueline Bouvier Kennedy Onassis: a Life. 2000. (Biography/Onassis)

Thayer, Mary.
Jacqueline Bouvier Kennedy. 1961. (Biography/Kennedy)

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JacquelineKennedy
Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division
Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis photographed by Mark Shaw.
CREATED/PUBLISHED [1964.] USIA.
Digital ID (b&w film copy neg.) cph 3a53361

JOHNSON, CLAUDIA ALTA TAYLOR "LADY BIRD" (1912- )
“For me, books have been a life-long resource--to learning, laughter, solace, excitement, inspiration. At your library, the world awaits you, free for the asking.”

Gould, Lewis.
Lady Bird Johnson: Our Environmental First Lady. 1999. (Biography/Johnson)

Johnson, Lady Bird.
A White House Diary. 1970. (E/848/J64/A3)

Montgomery, Ruth.
Mrs. L.B.J. 1964. (Biography/Johnson)

Russell, Jan.
Lady Bird: a Biography of Mrs. Johnson. 1999. (Biography/Johnson)

Smith, Marie.
The President’s Lady: an Intimate Biography of Mrs. Lyndon B. Johnson. 1964. (Biography/Johnson)

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LadyBirdJohnson
Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division
Lady Bird Johnson
CREATED/PUBLISHED [1962.] Official White House photograph.
Digital ID (b&w film copy neg.) cph 3a53362

NIXON, THELMA CATHERINE RYAN "PAT" (1912-1993)>
“Caring for others creates the spirit of a nation.”

Anderson, Alice E. and Baxendale, Hadley V.
Behind Every Successful President: The Hidden Power & Influence of America’s First Ladies. 1992. (E/176.2/A56)

David, Lester.
The Lonely Lady of San Clemente: the Story of Pat Nixon. 1978. (Biography/Nixon)

Eisenhower, Julie Nixon.
Pat Nixon: the Untold Story. 1986. (Biography/Nixon)

McConnell, Jane & Burt.
Our First Ladies: Martha Washington to Pat Ryan Nixon. 1969. (E/176.2/M3)

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PatriciaNixon
Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division
Pat Nixon
CREATED/PUBLISHED [1969.] Official White House photograph.
Digital ID (b&w film copy neg.) cph 3a53368

FORD, BETTY (1918- )
“The search for human freedom can never be complete without freedom for women.”

Anderson, Alice E. and Baxendale, Hadley V.
Behind Every Successful President: The Hidden Power & Influence of America’s First Ladies. 1992. (E/176.2/A56)

Anthony, Carl Sferrazza.
America’s Most Influential First Ladies (E/176.2/A57)

Feinman, Jeffrey.
Betty Ford. 1976. (Biography/Ford)

Ford, Betty.
Betty: a Glad Awakening. 1987. (Biography/Ford)

Ford, Betty.
Times of My Life. 1978. (Ford/Betty)

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BettyFord
Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division
Betty Ford
CREATED/PUBLISHED [1974.] Official White House photograph.
Digital ID (b&w film copy neg.) cph 3a51932

CARTER, ROSALYNN (1927- )
“Our national virtue is helping others, our heritage is giving.”

Anderson, Alice E. and Baxendale, Hadley V.
Behind Every Successful President: The Hidden Power & Influence of America’s First Ladies. 1992. (E/176.2/A56)

Anthony, Carl Sferrazza.
America’s Most Influential First Ladies (E/176.2/A57)

Carter, Rosalynn.
First Lady from Plains. 1984. (Biography/Carter)

Simmons, Dawn.
Rosalynn Carter, Her Life Story. 1979. (Biography/Carter)

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RosalynnCarter
Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division
Rosalynn Carter
CREATED/PUBLISHED [1977.] Official White House photograph.
Digital ID (b&w film copy neg.) cph 3b10189

REAGAN, NANCY (1921- )
“You only live when you begin to give.”

Anderson, Alice E. and Baxendale, Hadley V.
Behind Every Successful President: The Hidden Power & Influence of America’s First Ladies. 1992. (E/176.2/A56)

Anthony, Carl Sferrazza.
America’s Most Influential First Ladies (E/176.2/A57)

Kelley, Kitty.
Nancy Reagan: the Unauthorized Biography. 1991. (Biography/Reagan)

Leighton, Frances.
The Search for the Real Nancy Reagan. 1987. (Biography/Reagan)

Reagan, Nancy.
My Turn: the Memoirs of Nancy Reagan. 1989. (Biography/Reagan)

Wallace, Chris.
First Lady: Portrait of Nancy Reagan. 1986. (Biography/Reagan)

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NancyReagan
Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division
Nancy Reagan
CREATED/PUBLISHED [1992.] Official White House photograph.
Digital ID (b&w film copy neg.) cph 3b46143

BUSH, BARBARA PIERCE (1925- )
“Reading is the first and most important skill, and every American needs to know the great rewards that books bring to every aspect of life.”
Anderson, Alice E. and Baxendale,

Bush, Barbara.
Barbara Bush: a Memoir. 1994. (Biography/Bush)

Killian, Pamela.
Barbara Bush: a Biography. 1992. (Biography/Bush)

Radcliffe, Donnie.
Simply Barbara Bush: a Portrait of America’s Candid First Lady. 1989. (Biography/Bush)

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BarbaraBush
Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division
Barbara Pierce Bush, photographed by David Valdez
CREATED/PUBLISHED [1981.] Official White House photograph.
Digital ID (b&w film copy neg.) cph 3g01701

CLINTON, HILLARY RODHAM (1947- )
“Our lives are a mixture of different roles. Most of us are doing the best we can to find whatever the right balance is...For me, that balance is family, work, and service.”

Flinn, Susan K.
Speaking of Hillary: a Reader’s Guide to the Most Controversial Woman in America. 2000. (Biography/Clinton)

Burnell, Barbara C.
Public Opinion, the First Ladyship, and Hillary Rodham Clinton. 2001. (E/887/C55/B87)

Ingraham, Laura.
The Hillary Trap: Looking for Power in All the Wrong Places. 2000. (Biography/Clinton)

King, Norman.
Hillary: Her True Story. 1993. (Biography/Clinton)

Kozar, Richard.
Hillary Rodham Clinton. 1998. (Biography/Clinton)

Milton, Joyce.
The First Partner—Hillary Rodham Clinton. 1999. (E/877/C55/M545)

Olson, Barbara
Hell to Pay: the Unfolding Story of Hillary Rodham Clinton. 1999. (Biography/Clinton)

Radcliffe, Donnie.
Hillary Rodham Clinton: a First Lady for Our Time. 1993. (Biography/Clinton)

Sheehy, Gail.
Hillary’s Choice. 1999. (Large Print E/887/C55/S47)

Tomasky, Michael.
Hillary’s Turn: Inside Her Improbable, Victorious Senate Campaign. 2001. (Biography/Clinton)

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HillaryClinton
Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division
Hillary Rodham Clinton
CREATED/PUBLISHED [1992.] Official White House photograph.
Digital ID (b&w film copy neg.) cph 3c07702

BUSH, LAURA LANE WELCH
“Children who are read to learn two things: First, that reading is worthwhile, and second, that they are worthwhile.”

Gould, Lewis.
American First Ladies: Their Lives and Their Legacy. 2001. (E/176.2/A4)

Kramer, S.A.
The Look-it-Up Book of First Ladies. 2001. (E/176.2/K73)

Watson, Robert.
First Ladies of the United States: a Biographical Dictionary. 2001. (E/176.2/W369)

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LauraBush

Laura Lane Welch Bush
CREATED/PUBLISHED Official White House photograph.

OBAMA, MICHELLE LaVAUGHN ROBINSON OBAMA
“You may not always have a comfortable life and you will not always be able to solve all of the world's problems at once but don't ever underestimate the importance you can have because history has shown us that courage can be contagious and hope can take on a life of its own.”

Bond, Alama Halbert.
Michelle Obama, a Biography. 2012. (First Ladies Biog Obama)

Willis, Deborah
Michelle Obama: The First Lady in Photographs. 2010. (First Ladies Biog Obama)

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MichelleObama

Michelle La Vaughn Robinson Obama
CREATED/PUBLISHED Official White House photograph.
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